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出口美国海运时选择FOB,千万提防这种风险
- 2019-10-21-

出口美国海运时选择FOB,千万提防这种风险


近期以来,中美贸易的走势牵动人心,中国很多对美出口企业都想尽办法降低损失,对于贸易摩擦对行业带来的影响及风险一直是大家最关心的问题。


DUICI,QIYEYINGDUIZHONGMEIJINGMAOMOCADECELVEDOUYOUNAXIENI?


YI、CHUKOUQIYEJINFANGMEIGUO“ZHANGBEIGUANXIA”

 

QIYEXUYAOJIADADUIGUOJIGUONEIQITASHICHANGDEKAITUO,JIANSHAODUIMEIGUOSHICHANGDEYILAI,BAOKUO“YIDAIYILU”SHICHANG、NANMEIDENGXINXINGGUOJIASHICHANG。SHOU“YIDAIYILU”CHANGYISHISHIDEYINGXIANG,WOGUODUIBUFENXINXINGSHICHANG,RUSHATEALABO、JIERJISISITAN、FEILVBIN、HASAKESITANHEYILAKEDEFUZHUANGCHUKOUESHIXIANKUAISUZENGZHANG。


TONGSHI,QIYEYINGJIAQIANGCHAYIHUACHANPINYANFA。ZHINENGZHIZAOHEZHUANXINGSHENGJISHIQIYEBAOCHICHUKOUJINGZHENGYOUSHIDEBIRANXUANZE。


CIWAI,QIYEYINGJIADA“ZOUCHUQU”HECHANNENGZHUANYIDELIDU,CHONGFENLIYONGGUOJIHEZUOYUANQU、ZIMAOSHIYANQU、ZIYOUMAOYIGANGDENG。JUZHONGGUOFANGZHIPINJINCHUKOUSHANGHUICESUAN,RUGUOZONGHEKAOLVYUANCAILIAOCAIGOUCHENGBEN、RENGONGCHENGBEN、GUANSHUIYOUHUIHESUODESHUIYOUHUIDENG,WOGUOQIYEZAIDONGNANYADIQUKAIGONGCHANGDEJINGLILVBIGUONEIGAOCHU5-6GEBAIFENDIANZUOYOU。


MAOYISHUYUZHONGDEDDPYAOQIUMAIFANGCHENGDANZUIDADEZEREN,BAOKUOBANLICHUKOUBAOGUANSHOUXU、JINKOUQINGGUANWANSHUIDENG,CHUCIZHIWAI,QITA10GEMAOYISHUYUDOUYUEDINGYOUMAIFANGCHENGDANJINKOUGUANSHUI。《LIANHEGUOGUOJIHUOWUXIAOSHOUHETONGGONGYUE》(CISG)SUIRANZAIDI4ZHANGGUIDINGLEHUOWUYUNSHUGUOCHENGZHONGDEFENGXIANZHUANYI,DANDI66TIAOJIANGFENGXIANXIANDINGWEIHUOWUYISHIHUOSUNHUAI,JIJIAZHENGDEGUANSHUIBUSHUYUKEYIZHUANYIDEFENGXIAN。


ER、ZHANGBEIGUANXIAYESHIWOGUOQIYEZAIDUIMEIMAOYIZHONGYINGZHUYIDESHIXIANG。

 

MEIGUOMINSHISUSONGZHONGZHANGBEIGUANXIADEDUIXIANGKUOZHANGZHIFEIMEIGUOGONGMIN。YIGEQIYEBUXUYAOZAIMEIGUOSHELI,YEBUBIZAIMEIGUOYOUYEWUJINGYING,ZHIYAOQIYEJINGYINGXINGWEIYUMEIGUOSHICHANG、MEIGUOXIANGGUANJIGOUHUOMEIGUOQIYEYOULIANXI,NEIME“ZHANGBEIFA”JIUKEGUANXIA,RUGUOMEIGUOFAYUANRENDINGQIYEHUOQIYEGAOGUANCUNZAIWEIFANMEIGUOCHUKOUGUANLI、HUILUDENGFUBAIXINGWEI,JIBIANXINGWEIBUSHIFASHENGZAIMEIGUO,YETONGYANGSHOUDAOMEIGUO“ZHANGBEIFA”DEZHIYUE。


SAN、FOBSHUYUXIANGXIACHUKOUSHANGHUOMIANLINEWAISUNSHI

 

DUIWAIMAOYIZHONG,WOGUOCHUKOUQIYEDUOXUANZEFOB,DANBUSHAOQIYEDUIQIZHONGDEFENGXIANMEIYOUCHONGFENRENSHI。JINRIZHONGGUOXINBAOZAICHULIYIQIMEIGUOMAIFANGPOCHANANJIANSHIFAXIAN,FOBSHUYUXIANGXIACHUKOUSHANGKENENGMIANLINCHENGDANHUOWUCHENGYUNRENXIANGGUANSUNSHIBUCHONGZERENDEFENGXIAN。


FOBSHIYINGWENFree on BoardDEJIANCHENG,TONGCHANGFANYIWEIZHUANGYUNGANGCHUANSHANGJIAOHUO。GENJUZUIJINYIBAN“Incoterms2010”DUIFOBSHUYUDEGUIDING,ZAIGAIMAOYIGUIZEXIA,JIANGHUOWUZHUANGSHANGYUNGANGCHUANBO,MAIFANGBIANLVXINGWANYIWU。YINER,DUIYUMAIFANGLAISHUO,XUANZEFOBJUYOUCHENGBENHESUANJIANBIANHECAOZUOJIANBIANDENGMINGXIANYOUSHI,DANYEANZANGFENGXIAN。

 

JUGELIZI:CHUKOUSHANGAGONGSIXIANGMEIGUOBGONGSICHUKOUYIPIRIYONGSHANGPIN,JIAGESHUYUWEIFOB。HUOWUZAIQIYUNGANGANBGONGSIDEZHISHIJIAOZHIDINGHUODAI,BINGYOUCHENGYUNRENYUNWANGMEIGUO。HUOWUYUNSHUQIJIANBGONGSIPOCHAN,ZHISHIBUFENHUOWUDAOMUDEGANGHOUZHILIU,HOUYOUBEIMEIGUOHAIGUANKOULIU,BGONGSIWULITIHUO,YEWUFAQIHUO、ZHUANMAIHUOTUIYUN。

 

YIDUANSHIJIANHOU,AGONGSISHOUDAOCHENGYUNRENCUITAOYUNFEI、GANGKOUCANGCHUFEIHEZHIXIANGFEIDENGSUNSHIDEYOUJIAN。CHENGYUNRENCHENG,YOUYUBGONGSIYIJINGPOCHAN,JIEZHIYOUJIANRIYICHANSHENGDUICUNFEI6520MEIYUAN,ZHIHOUMEIRIMEIXIANGRENGJIANGSHOUQU370MEIYUANFEIYONG。YOUYUHUOWUTIDANSHANGJIZAIDETUOYUNRENWEIAGONGSI,CHENGYUNRENYIZHAO《HAISHANGFA》DIBASHIBATIAOGUIDINGYAOQIUAGONGSIZUOWEITUOYUNRENCHENGDANXIANGGUANFEIYONG。